TITLE: Approach of soft robotics applied to heart failure: demonstration of the McKibben actuator in a simulation of cardiac movements and investigation into the manufacture of protective components
author(s): Noronha, G.P., Napoli, M.B., Bernegosso, M.R.D., Santos, G.L., Dultra, H.N., André, I.V., Rodriguero, L.P., Souza, T.A.F. & Santos, B.J.
ABSTRACT: Numerous diseases are associated with the malfunction of the heart, with heart failure being one of them, affecting many individuals and often proving to be fatal. Among the current solutions and treatments for this issue, ongoing research and trials are investigating the application of soft robotics—an innovative technological approach within the field of robotics involving robots with soft components and gentle touches. These robots can perform delicate operations and interact with humans, thereby assisting the field of medicine with diverse applications. This study aimed to examine and analyze the functionality of this technology through a literature review, coupled with the development of a simple prototype incorporating McKibben muscles—an extensively used actuator within this domain—consolidating a portion of the gathered information. Additionally, this work focused on analyzing and selecting suitable materials for safeguarding soft robotics equipment used in bioengineering, with a specific emphasis on applications related to cardiac issues..
KEYWORDS: Bioengineering, Soft Robotics, McKibben Muscle, Robotics, Heart Failure.
CITATION: Santos B.J. et al. Approach of soft robotics applied to heart failure: demonstration of the McKibben actuator in a simulation of cardiac movements and investigation into the manufacture of protective components. The Academic Society Journal, 7(4) 179-211, 2023. DOI: doi.org/10.32640/tasj.2023.4.179.